Brown Bear Facts

The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is found in several parts of Eurasia and North America. They inhabit the wooded areas and mountains of the region. Brown bears are also the national animal for numerous states in Asia, Europe and North America.

While brown bears will hunt the occasional deer they usually eat fish and small land mammals. They will also eat the vegetation. Even though these bears are protective of their young they don’t appear to pose much of a threat to people. The front claws of the brown bear are used to rip into logs in order to eat the bugs that are hiding in them.

The brown bear’s fur is actually brown, black or tan in color. They reach a size of just over nine feet and weight up to seven hundred pounds. When they stand on their back feet they are rather large. These bears are actually one of the largest bear species with only the polar and grizzly bears reaching larger sizes. Both of these bears are sub species of the brown bear which have adapted to their environment.

A dominate predator while in its own environment they don’t pose a threat to people under normal circumstances. There is a large muscle located between the shoulder blades of the brown bear. The forearm of this species are strong enough to break another animals bones with one swipe. The claws of the brown bear which are on extremely large paws can reach a length of 15cm. Each of the paws has five toes. The claws on the front paws are longer than the back claws. These bears run fast at speeds of up to thirty miles per hour, swim and climb trees well because of the paws and legs structure that assist them in this. They have about forty-two teeth that they use to shred meat and skin.

The brown bears leads a solitary lifestyle and can live up to twenty-five years. There are times when they will get together in groups known as sloth or sleuth. There can be large numbers of brown bears seen around fishing spots in Alaska when the salmon swim upstream. The brown bear can eat as much as ninety pounds of food a day during the fall. This is to prepare it for hibernation and they can weigh twice as much during this time as they do when the weather is warmer.

Brown bears will dig a den to spend the winter in. These dens are often in a hillside, the female will stay in a dine while they are pregnant and have their cubs during winter. Cubs will nurse until spring arrives and live with their mothers for just over two years. Reproduction only occurs once every three years.

They are considered to be an endangered species. Taxidermists have been a reason for population decline in the past. The brown bears that are left in the wild are believed to be numbered at around 200,000. Ninety-five percent of those are found in the United States around the northern end of Alaska.

Sources:
http://a-z-animals.com/animals/brown-bear/

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/brown-bear.html